Fixing Misplaced Modifiers
Hopefully, you have a basic understanding of the rules controlling modifiers. Now it's time to practice! Here is a link to my favorite list of absolutely misplaced modifiers. How would you correct them?
The lower body includes everything below your waist. This slideshow gives you the English word for the body part in each picture. Let me know if it is helpful in the comment box below.
The Third Rule about Modifiers
Rule 3: Make the connection between clauses clear
Some words have a very special role in a sentence. For example, because let's you know that the sentence is about cause and effect. When let's you know that two things happened at the same time. If we forget these words it might make the sentence confusing. Here are a few examples of confusing sentences:
Getting a good night sleep, the day is always easier.
Running out of money, the refrigerator was empty.
Carrying the heavy bag all day, my back was very sore.
As you can see, making small changes to these sentences would make them much clearer. These sentences need actors, and they also need words to show the relationship between each clause. How would you change my sample sentences?
The upper body is anything above your waist. This includes your head and chest (also called your torso). This slideshow shares the English word for the body part in each picture. How many do you know?
The Second Rule about Modifiers
Rule 2: Don't forget the actor.
Sometimes, you know what you want to say, so it is hard to see what you've really said. Here are a few examples of confusing sentences:
Switching on the TV, the room seemed brighter.
After spilling the milk, the power went out.
Closing the windows and curtains, the storm continued to rage outside.
What's missing in all of these sentences? Yup! The actor. The person who did each of the actions is implied, but not stated. This makes each sentence a little bit confusing. By adding the person to each sentence, you can make the information much clearer.
So, how would you change my sample sentences?
Describing Faces, Again!
You know the drill by now. Use your new vocabulary to describe these American celebrities. Post your descriptions in the comments to get feedback.
East Bay ESL is an English language school for learners in the San Francisco East Bay.