So, a few weeks ago we published a chart which describes the four main skills that language students need to develop in order to master a language. Hopefully, this graphic reminds you that grammar is only part of the equation and that it is important not to overlook other elements of communication.
In this post, I want to focus on one of those other elements. Namely, let’s talk about social and cultural skills.
What are “social and cultural skills”?
To help explain, I would like to offer a few examples.
Hopefully, this helps you understand social and cultural skills. Are there any other examples you can think of? Share them in the comment section.
Did you come up with some responses to yesterday’'s scenarios? My suggested answers are in italics.
Keeping in mind what you have learned about polite structures and social/cultural language skills, create a response for the following situations in a restaurant. Write down what you would say and your reason for responding that way.
In general, American companies want brief and precise explanations of your qualifications. As a result, they tend to ask for a fairly formulaic outline. They want to know your educational background, work experience, and references. How do you make your resume stand out even though it is following a formula? Live by these tips.
1. Keep it to one page. It may be tempting to add the details of your work history and go over the page limit, but it is not a good idea. You are likely competing with many applicants and the reviewers want to get to the point. Instead opt to highlight the most relevant information and leave the rest for the interview.
2. Use active verbs. Basically, this means stay away from the common verbs do, have, and be. Choose verbs that are more powerful and descriptive. Find out more about active verbs here.
3. Match your verb forms. In other words, don’t forget parallelism. This means that when you list your job duties, use the same verb tense. Don’t switch between the present, past, and gerund forms. It also means that you need to start each bullet point with a verb.
4. Tailor your resume to the job. It is a good idea to have a comprehensive resume that you can adapt to individual jobs. Take out points that are irrelevant and let the important details shine through.
Teachers can find more job hunting lesson plans here.
East Bay ESL is an English language school for adult students in the San Francisco East Bay.