Today’s post comes from Back Pocket Grammar: Adjectives.
September 9, 2014
Dear Ms Jackson,
Thank you so much for your entertain___ letter. I'm always impress___ by your full life and wonderful wit. I hope you aren't disappoint___ that it has taken me so long to write you back. Life has been overwhelm___, but it hasn't been excit___.
To give you an example of what I mean, I'd like to tell you a story about something that happened last weekend. As you know I am interest___ in public health so I've starting volunteering at a local community clinic. Overall, I enjoy the work, but last weekend I felt so frustrat___. Occasionally the paid staff will leave a little paperwork for volunteers to file or scan, but last weekend, it looked like they hadn't filed anything. It was astonish___! There were papers everywhere. Still, I felt the need to be thorough, so I stayed until the work was complet___. I finally went home a full three hours later than I intended.
At home, I was exasperat___ and exhaust___. I decided to write an email to the supervisor describing the problem. She wrote me back quickly and said that she was surpris___ to hear that. She apologized and guaranteed me that it wouldn't happen again. She said a disorganiz___ office was embarrass___ so she would implement some new workplace standards on Monday.
So, as you can see, my life has been busy. I'm hopeful that I'll be able to relax soon. Please let me know what you've been up to because I'm always entertain___ by what you have to say.
Add the adjectives to each of the sentences. Be sure to put them in the correct order.
As you look over your writing from last week, you should check for the four problems described here. They are the most common adjective problems for ESL learners.
If your sentence looks like....A machine is in a parking lot.
Then you... ...aren't using adjectives.
Did you forget to add description? Many people do! You can see my sample sentence does not describe anyone or anything in detail.
If your sentence looks like...A big machine is in a little parking lot.
Then you......have boring adjectives.
New. Great. Nice. Bad. Sad. These are adjectives, but they are used a little too often! It is more effective to replace them with synonyms.
If your sentence looks like...A Chinese, huge, yellow machine is in a square, tiny parking lot.
Then you......have mixed up adjectives.
Believe it or not, lists of adjectives have an order they typically follow. Unfortunately, this order is rarely discussed because most native speakers have developed it as an inborn sense. Observe native speakers and try to categorize the order they use.
If your sentence looks like...An interested yellow machine is in a tiny parking lot.
Then you......are a little confused about when to use -ing and -ed adjectives.
Confused and confusing are used slightly differently. But when should you use each one? In general, -ing endings are used for situations that impact how you feel while -ed endings are used to explain your feeling.
You can find more practice and lessons on these adjective issues in East Bay ESL’s e-book, Back Pocket Grammar: Adjectives.
Get ready to write! Please take about 15 minutes to describe this photo. Remember to use adjectives. Add as much detail as you can.
Today's post comes from our e-book, Back Pocket Grammar: Adjectives. Buy it for more practice and lessons.
East Bay ESL is an English language school for adult students in the San Francisco East Bay.